For centuries, the island of Sri Lanka has attracted travelers from all over the world with its unique natural diversity, concentrated in a relatively small area. Natural resources: rare spices, precious stones, magnificent elephants, as well as a favorable geographical location on the sea trade route, have always been the cause of wars of Indian, Arab and European traders. Looking at the map of Sri Lanka, many compared it to a tear flowing down from India, or a pearl. The island, located just above the equator among the calm waters of the Indian ocean, is rich in unique natural beauty and diversity. Sri Lanka’s irresistible wildlife landscapes include sandy beaches in palm thickets, mountain peaks covered with manicured tea plantations, rivers and lakes, jungle forests inhabited by vast populations of elephants, leopards and rare endemic bird species. Also, the island has no shortage of historical attractions. The preserved achievements of the early Sinhalese civilization, which is more than two thousand years old, can be seen in the remains of destroyed cities, religious monuments and temples, which are characterized by a high level of development of their time and many are included in the list of objects under the protection of UNESCO. Buddhism, as a religion, continues to serve as a benchmark of national identity for the Sinhalese population of the island, while Sri Lanka’s historical role gives it a unique cultural value that permeates the life of the island at all levels.
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