There is a tropical climate without extremes of temperature: which averages + 27°C (80°F) in Colombo and its suburbs, rising to as much as +38°C (100°F) in the semi-arid northwest and cooling off to +16°C (61°F) at higher evevations of the central hill country. There are no real marked seasons, but it has two monsoons. The southwest monsoon mainly affects the southern, western and central regions during May to July; while the northeast monsoon brings rain to the north and east from November to January. Due to the island’s mountains in the central southern region the two monsoons affect various parts of the island very differently. To check the daily weather in SriLanka.
The population of Sri Lanka is 21 million. Sinhala and Tamil are two official languages of the country. Engish is widely spoken and well understood. Usually place names and sign-boards on trains and buses are written in all three languages (Sinhala, Tamil and English).
For a short visit to Sri Lanka travellers should obtain an ETA. Tourist intending to visit Sri Lanka can apply for ETA also online. At the arrival applicant may be granted 30 days ETA with double entry facility and double entries can be made from the date of initial arrival (within given 30 days). The balance period of the 30 days of the initial entry will be granted for the second visit to Sri Lanka.